Prescribing Pattern of Antibiotics in Infectious Diseases at a South Indian Super Specialty Hospital
The irrational use of antibiotics mainly leads to the development of antibiotic resistance and adverse drug reactions. To eradicate these conditions in infectious disease patients by using prescribing patterns and following the rational use of antibiotics OBJECTIVE The infectious disease patients are at increased risk of cellulitis, hemorrhagic fever, dengue fever, meningoencephalitis & worsening their condition. The therapeutic management of the contagious disease mainly depends upon prescribing antibiotics. A prospective observational study was conducted in a South Indian super specialty hospital for six months in 110 patients. The current prescribing trends are (35%) ceftriaxone, (16%) metronidazole, (8%) cefotaxime, (8%) doxycycline, (7%) cefoperazone and sulbactam, (3%) piperacillin and tazobactam, (3%) azithromycin, (3%) doripenem, (3%) amoxiclav, (2%) colistin and imipenem, (2%) rifampicin, (2%) amikacin, (2%) fluoroquinolones, (2%) levofloxacin, (1%) cefpodoxime proxetil, the prescribing patterns of antibiotics should be based on severity and specificity of infection to facilitate rational use of antibiotics providing optimal care. Pharmacists are in a critical position to provide pharmaceutical care to affected patients and initiate or recommended appropriate pharmacotherapy where indicated. Integration of a pharmacist's role in managing infectious diseases and improving patient outcomes.
Keywords:Infectious Disease, Prescribing Pattern, Antibiotic, South Indian Super Specialty Hospital
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