A Prospective Observational Study on Pain Management in Emergency Medicine
Pain is a subjective, disagreeable, sensory, and emotional sensation that is linked with, or defined in terms of, actual or possible tissue injury. This performs biological roles, warning against an outside threat. It is essentially self-limiting upon removal or cure of the provoking source. Pain is one of the most common complaints of patients known to the hospital and accounts for nearly 80 percent of the reason for referral to the emergency department (ED). Paracetamol and diclofenac were more frequently advised drugs to patients. Tramadol, morphine, nicotine drugs were chosen by the emergency physician to treat severe pain. In our study, we had included 10 departments combining all analgesics prescribed from all the analgesic classifications. In our study, we have observed that mostly the route of administration of drugs was in the form intravenous mostly. Opioid analgesics and other opiate analgesics were prescribed according to the pain assessment. Paracetamol and diclofenac intravenous forms were mostly prescribed by the physician to treat mild and severe pain. The choice of drug for severe pain was injection morphine, fentanyl patch as well as injection, nicotine patch, injection tramadol was chosen. For the route of administration of analgesics, mostly the intravenous route was chosen as they are more effective in treating pain treat when compared with other routes of administration. In the observation of the study of 6 months, we had documented more cases from the orthopaedics department. In this study, the pharmacological aids employed for the management of pain in the study of people with varied pain intensities and conditions were able to prevent oligo-analgesia by the emergency physicians.
Keywords:Pain, Paracetamol, Diclofenac, Opioid Analgesics, Oligo-Analgesia, Emergency
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